When working with home repairs, improvements, building, and construction, there is an important part you must factor in, and that is the ADA outlet height.
The standard outlet height for any room and any space is an important consideration when place potential walls, equipment, and electricity and plumbing wires and pipes.
The ADA outlet heights are different for each area and must be in a specific location to pass inspections. Make sure to be careful when working with power tools and around electrical wiring. Always wear protection.
Standard Outlet Height
Bathroom Outlet Height
Bathroom outlets are very important in housing. Outlets in the bathroom must be placed at least three feet from the tub or shower area.
These outlets need to be right or left and above the vanity area and keep away from baseboards that provide heating. Outlets are never above sinks.
Following these steps will ensure no one is put in a dangerous position that could cause injury or the electric wiring doesn’t melt due to heating or fire hazards.
Wall Outlet Height
Outlets should be cleared from any electrical heating baseboard to prevent fire hazards and overheating.
There is no big standard to outlet heights from floors or on the walls, while the ADA suggests between a certain height, NEC also recommends that you must be within six feet of an outlet.
Outlet Height from Floor
Usually, according to the ADA outlet heights, 9”-18” on the floor are where outlets should be placed.
Most of the outlets placed nowadays are about 18” from the ground to ensure a safe distance from any fire hazards close to baseboards and to not mix with plumbing.
Kitchen Outlet Height
The NEC doesn’t have any standards for outlet height in kitchens. However, the ADA wants to ensure that the houses are safe for anyone living there, especially people with disabilities who may have limited access.
Kitchen outlets are usually put at 18” just to ensure enough room, and they are usually within 6 feet of another outlet.
Countertop Outlet Height
The ADA specifies the minimum height of 15” for a receptacle and anywhere from 48”-54” depending upon the disability. The NEC has no standards for outlet heights on counters or above counters.
Outlet Height Above Counter
Outlets above the counters can be no more than 20” above the countertop and must be within two feet of each outlet. At no point above the counter should you be two feet from an outlet.
Refrigerator Outlet Height
There is no standard for a refrigerator height for the ADA. However, many contractors will place the refrigerator outlet around 46”-66” depending on the fridge size.
Most outlets are placed behind the refrigerator while some contractors prefer them to be above or to the side of the refrigerator. This is all about preference rather than any standards set by the ADA or NEC.
Dryer Outlet Height
Washer and dryer outlets should be placed within six feet of the units and must be placed between 34”-36” in height from the ground. In some locations, there is also a minimum height for these outlets which must be followed.
Garage Outlet Height
The ADA hasn’t set a strict guideline of where garage outlets should be located. However, the NEC has stated that garage receptacles must be at most, 12 feet apart and no point along the wall should be more than six feet from an outlet.
Outlets are usually placed at 18”-24” above the ground due to the concrete in the garage, to provide safety for any other wiring running through the floor of the garage.
Basement Outlet Height
In most areas of the house, many receptacles are placed at 18” from the ground, however, in the basement, the receptacles must be placed at 48” off the ground.
This ensures for any heating elements or plumbing to not be in contact with the electrical wiring.
Basements are often poured with thick concrete as well, so cutting into the walls for these receptacles need to be a safe distance from plumbing and heating cables.
Outlet Codes For ADA
Most ADA outlet heights are standard and will continue to be until more disabilities limit the mobility and distance covered to use outlets safely. The ADA tries to work with the NEC to allow for better access to all Americans living in their homes.
The ADA wants to protect people with disabilities and provide safe living standards when it comes to outlet heights and safety.
Make sure to follow the standards set by the ADA and NEC when creating a new outlet. Use the correct tools and protective gear to ensure you and your families safety.
It is important to know the standard heights of outlets when no guidelines are set, but more important to make sure that you follow the ADA and NEC guidelines to pass inspections. If you are ever in doubt, you should contact an electrician or inspector for help.